KW: No U.S. involvement, and an agreement made. As is happening in Korea where the North and South are discussing peace with out the U.S. poking its nose in, agreements are being made that can be kept and honoured instead of scrapped as with Trump and all the long-standing treaties he has destroyed. The significance of this agreement can’t be underestimated as both France and Germany have for once followed what for them is an independent policy stance. The real importance of France and Germany going to Turkey to meet Putin and Erdogan is that they are effectively hiving off from the US by joining the Astana process. They are breaking the boycott of Syria, while preserving the “need for elections” talking point. Without Nikki Haley’s consent!
Europe is frightened for its security. It does not want the refugee situation nor the Jihadi situation in Europe to be made worse by an Idlib invasion. This is why Europe is in Istanbul. As Macron said, the Idlib deal may be sustained.